Pfeffernusse Spiced Snowball Cookies

A traditional European snowball cookie, pfeffernuse are crunchy and robustly spiced. Despite the literal “pepper nuts” translation of the name, these cookies are nut free!


Pfeffernusse-Spiced-Snowball-Cookies |

Pfeffer-what?! Pfeffernusse. Literal translation: pepper-nuts. My Danish grandmother called them pebernodder, which is the Danish version.  In actuality: pfeffernusse cookies are a firm, crunchy spice cookie traditionally made at Christmastime.  The dough is rolled into balls, baked,  then coated in powdered sugar. Traditionally, they can be made with finely chopped nuts.

When I was a kid, my Aunt Jane would buy a package of Archway brand Pfeffernusse cookies to share. They were her favorite Christmas cookie. For that very reason, I was thrilled when she would share them with me.

I guess I should explain that Jane was only 7 years older than I, and the youngest of 5 children. She was “tormented” as the baby of the family. Torment is the word she lovingly used to describe all of the teasing she endured at the hands of her siblings.  Teasing that she lovingly inflicted on her young nieces, as a form of retribution. She called us “the younger sisters that she never wanted,” with a huge smile on her face.  We all had more of a sister/cousin relationship with Jane.

As adults, it became harder to find the packaged cookie of our youth. So naturally, I had to try to make them. Make them, I did. And they were good. One year I surprised Jane with these Pfeffernusse for Christmas. She was beyond thrilled. And she didn’t share! After that, the annual Campaign-for-Pfeffernusse began around Thanksgiving, and continued until Christmas morning.

“You’re going to make Pfeffernusse for me for Christmas again, right?”

Uh, I guess so.

“No, really. You are going to make Pfeffernusse for me for Christmas, right?!

Well, yeah. Of course, I’m making Pfeffernusse for Christmas.

“For ME, right?!!” (Gritting teeth.)

Uh, yeah. For you. I’ll make Pfeffernusse just for you.

“Good!  Because I might not let you in the door without ’em.”  (Maniacal laughter.)

Then she gave me a big noogie.

OK, I made up the part about the maniacal laughter. She really did give me a noogie, though. Then, I gave her a wet-willy when she wasn’t looking. We were ultra mature when we were together.  We inevitably dissolved into fits of giggles for no apparent reason. To which my Grandma would always sigh and say “There they go again!” and roll her eyes.

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So Jane loved Pfeffernusse. And I loved Jane. We lost her quite unexpectedly a few years ago. She was 43. I make these cookies every year in her memory.

They really are delicious! Let’s make Pfeffernusseseseses!

This is one spicy cookie. I start by measuring all of the spices at once so that I am sure not to forget something.  Starting at the top and working clockwise: cloves, ginger, white pepper, salt, cardamom, and cinnamon in the center.

Whisk the baking soda, and baking powder into the flour. Add all of those spices to the mix, and whisk until combined. Take a whiff and bask in the aromatics.

Beat the butter and sugar together until light and fluffy. Add the egg and molasses. Stir it until they are well incorporated.

My molasses is a happy accident. Friends of ours overcooked their maple sap when making maple syrup. They didn’t have the heart to throw out 30 gallons of burnt maple syrup, so they let it sit overnight while they pouted. Before pitching it the next day, they tasted it and discovered that it tasted exactly like molasses! Hooray for happy accidents!

Gradually stir in the flour mixture in a few, separate additions. I usually add it in threes. I don’t know why. OK, yes, I do. If I add the flour mixture in three different parts, then I don’t end up spraying flour all over my kitchen when I turn the mixer on.

Pat the dough into a disk, wrap it in plastic wrap, and refrigerate it for an hour or so.

When you are ready to bake, preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Line your baking sheets with a silicone mat or parchment paper.

Scoop tablespoonfuls of dough with a cookie scoop, or two spoons. Roll the dough gently between your palms, to form a ball.

Place the balls on the prepared baking sheet. If the dough has chilled sufficiently, these cookies won’t spread much when baking, so you can put them a little closer together than you would with other cookies. Bake the cookies for 12-14 minutes, or until lightly browned. Cool for 2 minutes on the baking sheet.

While the cookies are still warm, Pour the powdered sugar into a gallon sized storage bag.

Set about six of them into the bag, and gently roll them through the powdered sugar to coat. A light touch is key here so as not to break the warm cookies.  Take out the coated cookies, and set them on waxed paper. Repeat with all of the slightly cooled cookies.

Don’t worry if they aren’t perfectly coated. We are going to coat them again once they have cooled completely.

The cookies will look kind of mangy after the first coat. Then why do a first coat? Because the warm cookie melts the powdered sugar and gives the cookie a tacky surface so that the next coat of powdered sugar will really stick.

Give the sad looking cookies another bath in the powdered sugar. This is the coat that will considerably freshen the little sweeties outlook on life.

See?! Much better!

Pfeffernusse-Snowball-Cookie |

Pretty and tasty is a great combination. Pfeffernusse practically beg to be eaten with a steamy mug of coffee or tea.

Jane ate them with Diet Coke.  Weird, I know. But it’s quirky stuff that I loved most about her.


Pfeffernusse Spiced Snowball Cookies
Prep time
Cook time
Total time
A traditional European snowball cookie that is crunchy and robustly spiced. Despite the literal "pepper nuts" translation of the name, these cookies are nut free!
Recipe type: cookie, holiday, Christmas, dessert
Cuisine: American, European
Serves: 5 dozen
  • For Cookies:
  • 3 ½ C. all-purpose flour
  • 2 tsp. baking powder
  • ½ tsp. baking soda
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • 1 ½ tsp. ground cinnamon
  • 1 tsp. ground ginger
  • ½ tsp. ground cloves
  • ½ tsp. ground cardamom
  • ¼ tsp. ground white pepper
  • 1 C. (2 sticks) unsalted butter, softened
  • 1 C. granulated sugar
  • ¼ C. molasses
  • 1 egg
  • For Coating:
  • Powdered sugar to coat cooled cookies (about 1 ½-2 cups)
  1. In a large bowl, combine flour, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, cardamom, and white pepper; whisk to combine.
  2. In a large bowl, cream butter and sugar together with an electric mixer until fluffy. Beat in egg and molasses, stirring until blended.
  3. Gradually add the flour mixture, stirring at low speed until combined.
  4. Shape dough into a disk, wrap tightly in plastic wrap, and refrigerate for several hours, or up to 1 week.
  5. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Line baking sheets with parchment paper or a silicone baking mat.
  6. Roll dough into 1-inch balls, and place 2 inches apart on prepared baking sheets.
  7. Bake for 12 to 14 minutes or until lightly browned. Cool on baking sheets for 2 minutes before transferring to wire racks to cool completely.
  8. Roll cooled cookies in powdered sugar to coat. If you like a lot of powdered sugar, roll once in the powdered sugar, allow them to sit for a minute, and then roll them again. (My preferred method.)
  9. Store in an air-tight container at room temperature, or freeze for up to 3 months. Note: If you freeze cookies, roll them in powdered sugar again, once thawed.


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  1. says

    my mom makes pfeffernusse every christmas! :) Hers are made by rolling into ropes and then slicing…and btw, diet coke is always ok. For some very odd and unknown reason!
    Merry Christmas CD!!
    cathy b. @ brightbakes

  2. says

    I love the idea of remembering a loved one by baking/cooking their favorite treat or meal. I hadn’t even thought of that one.

    I can’t really imagine the Diet Coke-cookie pairing here, but I imagine it has something to do with the spices?

  3. says

    I thiiiink I’ve had these? The sound of a “pepper nut” brings back an olfactory memory for me that I can’t quite put my finger on.
    Anyway, I might have to try these to bring back whatever lost memory I have.

    What a great way to remember your family. I’m sure she’s happy to know there’s always a batch at Christmas :)

  4. Mary says

    Thank you for sharing. My father had a bakery and made these wonderful cookies. He is long gone and never wrote hIs receipe down. We had our annual Christmas cookie baking today and made these. Very close to his! In addition I have two sisters that can’t have nutmeg so these were perfect! Jane sounds wonderful-may we all have someone like her in our life! Thank you.

  5. says

    Hi, Thanks for sharing! I was wondering, do these come out crunchy and hard or more crisp on the outside and soft in the middle? I am looking for a softer cookie and wanted to ask before I tried making it.

    Thanks so much!

    • says

      Hi, Sonya! I’m glad you found my recipe. Yes, my pfeffernuse are crisp on the outside, but soft in the middle. In fact, once rolled in powdered sugar, they soften a bit more as the days pass. (Unlike a traditional “pepper-nut” recipe in which the cookies are hard, due to the absence of butter or fat in the recipe.) I do hope that you try them–these cookies are a family staple. If you do, I’d love to hear what you think about them. :)

  6. Holly says

    Thanks for sharing! My 91 yr old dad just loves these. I can’t wait to make them from scratch for him…..even though he will probably like the archway just as well, if not better!

  7. Richie says

    I’m going to make these this weekend! I have been looking for a good pfefferneuse recipe and this one looks good! Thanks!


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